How To Tap Maple Trees
Sugaring maple trees can be found throughout North America. Below is a map of where they tend to grow.
To get started, you need to identify trees to tap. There are several varieties of maple trees that produce sap that is suitable for syrup—sugar, red, silver, black, and box elder. Sugar maple sap contains the highest concentration of sugar followed by the red maple. Besides the maple family, other tree species that produce sap suitable for syrup include sweet birch, sycamore, walnut, and hickory.
|Generally the sap starts to flow between mid-February and mid-March. The exact time of year depends upon where you live and weather conditions. Sap flows when daytime temperatures rise above freezing (32 degrees Fahrenheit / 0 Celsius) and nighttime temperatures fall below freezing. The rising temperature creates pressure in the tree generating the sap flow. This is basically a transfer of the sap from the tree above the ground and the root system below the ground. The sap generally flows for 4 to 6 weeks, with the best sap produced early on in the sap-flowing season.